Acid jazz is a musical genre that combines elements of jazz, funk and hip-hop.
It developed in the
over the 1980s and 1990s and could be seen as tacking the sound of jazz-funk onto electronic dance: jazz-funk musicians such as Roy Ayers, Donald Byrd and Grant Green are often credited as forerunners of acid jazz. UK
It developed in the
For me personally is the first step into acid jazz direction, the 1969 album Bitches Brew from Miles Davis to be seen.
Acid jazz has also experienced minor influences from soul, house, and disco.
In this mix you will be able to hear beside Miles Davis some other musicians that are in my eyes responsable for givinig the direction to acid jazz movement.
This set is structured with a introduction of legendary Jimmy Smith concert and following by Grant Green, then three shorter song to display tempo development in the Acid Jazz and influence of Funk, before we came to climax song Spanish Key by Miles Davis from Bitches Brew.
After it there is development to the Charles Kynard as last musician over some disco influence, like Earth, Wind & Fire and two standard musicians in growing steps of Acid Jazz, again Jimmy Smith and Charles Earland.
So let us see some short information about the artist in this set.
Jimmy Smith, James Oscar Smith,
December 8, 1925 or 1928 – February 8, 2005 was a jazz musician whose performances on the Hammond B-3 electric organ helped to popularize this instrument.
In 2005, Smith was awarded the NEA Jazz Masters Award from the National Endowment for the Arts, the highest honor that the
bestows upon jazz musicians. United States
At the age of six he joined his father doing a song-and-dance routine in clubs. He began teaching himself to play the piano. When he was nine, Smith won a
radio talent contest as a boogie-woogie pianist. Philadelphia
Smith switched to organ in 1953 after hearing Wild Bill Davis.
Often called the father of acid jazz, Smith lived to see that movement come to reflects Smith's organ style.
Root down and get it -alt. take and Sagg shootin' his arrow you can find on 1972 live album Root Down.
, St. Louis, Missouri June 6, 1935 – , New York January 31, 1979 was a jazz guitarist and composer.
Green performed well in hard bop, soul jazz, bebop and Latin-tinged settings throughout his career.
Grant Green is one of the great unsung heroes of jazz guitar, Green's playing is immediately recognizable more than any other guitarist.
His sound is described as lithe, loose, slightly bluesy and righteously groovy.
Lou Donaldson discovered Grant playing in a bar in
. St. Louis
Some consider Green to have been the “Father of Acid Jazz”.
to play an engagement at George Benson's Breezin' Lounge, Grant collapsed in his car of a heart attack in New York . New York City
It's your thing originally from The Isley Brothers you can find on Ain't It Funky Now! released in 2005. This performance is from year 1970.
Bernard Purdie, Bernard Lee "Pretty" Purdie, born
June 11, 1939 is an American session drummer and is considered an influential and innovative exponent of funk.
He is known for his strict musical time keeping and "The Purdie Shuffle".
He is known for his strict musical time keeping and "The Purdie Shuffle".
Born as the eleventh of fifteen children, Bernard soon turned to music and started to play the drums in his very early teenage years. Already age 14 he bought his own drum set and became the family's strongest provider, playing in local bands.
After graduating from high school Bernard played for and with several greatest artist of this planet, like Aretha Franklin, Buddy Lucas, King Curtis and James Brown.
Purdie was giving, to The Beatles session from year 1964 with original drummer Pete Best and guitarist Tony Sheridan, recorded tracks in Hamburg, them a punchier sound for the US market by adding drum overdubs to tracks from these sessions, including "Ain't She Sweet", "Take Out Some Insurance on Me Baby" and "Sweet Georgia Brown".
The cover of Godfathers song Cold Sweat you can find on 1996 album Legends of Acid Jazz - Bernard Purdie.
Idris Muhammad, born Leo Morris,
November 13, 1939, is a jazz drummer. New Orleans, Louisiana
He changed his name in the 1960s upon his conversion to Islam.
He is known for his funky playing style. He has released a number of albums as leader, and has played with a number of jazz legends including Lou Donaldson, Johnny Griffin, Pharoah Sanders and Grover Washington, Jr.
He has been touring and recording with pianist Ahmad Jamal since 1995.
At 15 years-old, one of Muhammad's earliest recorded sessions as a drummer was on Fats Domino's 1956 hit "Blueberry Hill".
The song Super bad you can find on his album from the year 1970 Black Rhythm Revolution!.
Funk Inc., was a jazz funk/soul jazz group founded in
in 1969 by Bobby Watley, Eugene Barr, Steve Weakley, Jimmy Munford and Cecil Hunt. Indianapolis, Indiana
During the 1970s they were signed to the Prestige Records label for whom they recorded five albums, though they later disbanded in 1976.
The song The better half you can find on their album Chicken Lickin’ from the year 1972.
Miles Dewey Davis III,
May 26, 1926 – September 28, 1991 was an American jazz musician, trumpeter, bandleader, and composer.
In 1969 recorded the double LP Bitches Brew, (Spanish Key) which became a huge seller, reaching gold status by 1976. This album and In a Silent Way were among the first fusions of jazz and rock that were commercially successful, building on the groundwork for jazz-rock fusion and acid-jazz.
Miles Davis is regarded as one of the most innovative, influential and respected figures in the history of music. He has been described as “one of the great innovators in jazz”.
As an innovative bandleader and composer, Miles Davis has influenced many notable musicians and bands from diverse genres.
These include Wayne Shorter, Cannonball Adderley, Herbie Hancock, Cassandra Wilson, Lalo Schifrin, Tangerine Dream, Brand X, Mtume, Benny Bailey, Joe Bonner, Don Cherry, Urszula Dudziak, Sugizo, Bill Evans, Bill Hardman, The Lounge Lizards, Hugh Masekela, John McLaughlin, King Crimson, Steely Dan, Frank Zappa, Duane Allman, Radiohead, The Flaming Lips, Lydia Lunch, Talk Talk, Michael Franks, Sting, Lonnie Liston Smith, Jiří Stivín, Tim Hagans, Julie Christensen, Jerry Garcia, David Grisman, Vassar Clements, Snooky Young, Prince, and Christian Scott.
Miles' influence on the people who played with him has been described by music writer and author Christopher Smith as follows:
“Miles Davis' artistic interest was in the creation and manipulation of ritual space, in which gestures could be endowed with symbolic power sufficient to form a functional communicative, and hence musical, vocabulary. Miles' performance tradition emphasized orality and the transmission of information and artistic insight from individual to individual. His position in that tradition, and his personality, talents, and artistic interests, impelled him to pursue a uniquely individual solution to the problems and the experiential possibilities of improvised performance.”
Earth, Wind & Fire is an American R&B and funk band formed in
, in 1969 by Verdine and Maurice White. Los Angeles, California
Also known as EWF, the band has won six Grammy Awards and four American Music Awards.
They have been inducted into both the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and the Vocal Group Hall of Fame.
Rolling Stone has described them as "innovative, precise yet sensual, calculated yet galvanizing" and has also declared that the band "changed the sound of black pop".
The band's music contains elements of African, Latin American, funk, soul, pop and rock music, jazz and other genres.
The band is known for the dynamic sound of their horn section, and the interplay between the contrasting vocals of Philip Bailey's falsetto and Maurice White's tenor.
The kalimba (African thumb piano) is played on all of the band's albums.
Last Days And Times from 1972 is hosting the song Power, featuring Ronnie Laws on Woodwinds, Roland Bautista on Guitar, Larry Dunn on Keyboards and percussionist Ralph Johnson, as new members of EWF.
24 May 1941 – 11 December 1999 was an American jazz composer, organist, and saxophonist in the soul/acid jazz idiom.
He performed with Lou Donaldson, Grover Washington Jr., Pat Martino.
In 1978 Earland hit the disco/club scene with a track called "Let the Music Play", written by Randy Muller from Brass Construction. The record was in the
charts for 5 weeks and reached number 46 in the UK Singles Chart. With Earland's playing on synthesizer, the track also has an uncredited female vocalist. U.S.
His hard, simmering grooves earned him the nickname, “The Mighty Burner”.
The song Sing a simple song you can find on the Black Drops album from the year 1970.
20 February 1933 – 8 July 1979 was an American soul jazz/acid jazz organist born in St. Louis, Missouri.
Appearing with him on the album were
, Wilton Felder, Paul Humphrey and Carol Kaye. Joe Pass
Kynard first played piano then switched to organ and led a trio in
including Tex Johnson (flute, sax) and Leroy Anderson (drums). Kansas City
In 1963, he settled to
and his band featured guitarists Cal Green and Ray Crawford, drummer Johnny Kirkwood. Los Angeles
The song Reelin' with the feelin' is from self-named 1969 album.
I hope you enjoyed as well my choice of this unique musical direction, I will publish in comming weeks second set round Acid Jazz with newer artist from late '80-ies and early '90-ies under name Acid Garden.
01. Root down and get it - alt. take - Jimmy Smith
02. It's your thing - Grant Green
03. Cold sweat - Bernard Purdie
04. Super bad - Idris Muhammad
05. The better half - Funk Inc
06. Spanish key - Miles Davis
07. Power - Earth, Wind & Fire
08. Sing a simple song - Charles Earland
09. Sagg shootin' his arrow - Jimmy Smith
10. Reelin' with the feelin' - Charles Kynard